Particle accelerators are used to accelerate elementary particles like protons or electrons to extremely high energies. These create beams of charged particles which can be employed for a range of research applications.
Particle accelerators were brought to the attention of many through the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, however experienced physicists will know that this breakthrough took place due to huge amounts of research and experimentation over many years in addition to vast investments into the large hadron collider (LHC).
The LHC is the largest particle accelerator in the world using custom-made vacuum systems and complex particle detectors.
Linear accelerators are employed for fixed-target experiments whilst circular accelerators can be employed for fixed target experiments and colliding beam experiments.
The precision engineering of components required to maintain ultra-high vacuum is critical to the success of a particle accelerator. This includes manipulators that measure the beam position, intensity, beam profile, and divergence as the beam is linearly accelerated and then circulated around the synchrotron.
Magnetically-Coupled Push Pull Applications in Particle Accelerators
Magnetically-coupled push pull devices are optimal choices for high-duty process applications because of their high torque, high axial stiffness in addition to the lack of thrust due to the vacuum. Particle accelerators prefer to use magnetically-coupled devices where possible rather than bellows-seal actuators which over time may need replacing to avoid accidental leaks. This extends the maintenance cycle of the particle accelerator.
Magnetically-coupled devices help to ensure the integrity of the vacuum and are particularly suitable for particle accelerator applications where an unforeseen failure would cause substantial issues for the application.
Particle Accelerator Actuators from UHV Design
UHV Design is at the forefront of particle accelerator actuator technology, having worked closely with customers to provide resolutions for specific problems, particularly in regard to beam diagnostics. Significant reduction of the need for bellows in particle accelerators has been a key focus in the industry and as a response UHV have created a magnetically-coupled actuator which is able to achieve extremely high speeds.
Our bellows-free solutions for particle accelerator use magnetic coupling technology, with a breakaway thrust of 90N and recommends linear speeds of up to 500mm/s.
We are routinely trusted to deliver precision devices for vacuum-compatible manipulators in critical applications, such as accelerator beam diagnostics. UHV have worked alongside CERN and other groundbreaking particle physics facilities to advance specialized linear actuators and multi-axis sample manipulators.
If you would like to learn more about our solutions regarding beam intensity and position monitoring in particle accelerators, contact a member of the UHV Design team today.